See descriptive Enitity Validation Errors in exception message

By default, Entity Validation Errors are not described in the DbEntityValidationException that is thrown.

If you want those displayed, here is how:

Locate your DbContext object in your project. Overload the SaveChanges() message as follows:

        public override int SaveChanges()
                return base.SaveChanges();
            catch (DbEntityValidationException eve)
                var errorMsg = new StringBuilder(eve.Message + Environment.NewLine);
                foreach (var validationResult in eve.EntityValidationErrors)
                    foreach (var error in validationResult.ValidationErrors)
                        errorMsg.Append(validationResult.Entry.Entity + ": ");
                        errorMsg.Append(error.ErrorMessage + Environment.NewLine);
                // Use the same exception type to avoid downstream bugs with code that catches this
                throw new DbEntityValidationException(errorMsg.ToString(), eve.EntityValidationErrors, eve);

I can see how the decision to not include them by default is good. Doing so could be an information disclosure security issue. However, if wrapped in a WCF service where the the entities are used as the DataContract or POCO objects, then there really isn’t much information additional information provided than what is in the wsdl.

An MVC DropDownListFor that supports all attributes

So I need a DropDownListFor that allows me to create any attribute for the select or option tags. Obviously the attributes for each option tag should come from a property in an object that is provided in a collection. I also eliminate the need of converting a collection of your custom object to a collection of SelectListItem.

Remember a DropDownList in HTML looks like this:

  <option value="1">1</option>
  <option value="2">2</option>
  <option value="3">3</option>

The current DropDownListFor uses list of SelectListItem objects to create the option tags. However, SelectListItem only supports the value attribute and the inner text (the text between the open option tag and the close option tag). Support for any attribute should be provided.

First, I create a model to hold the attribute data. It is a very small class with only five properties, but looks like a big class due to the extensive comments.

using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace LANDesk.Licensing.Wavelink.Models
    public class HtmlSelectListModel<T>
        /// <summary>
        /// That collection of data elements from which to create a the select options.
        /// </summary>
        public IEnumerable<T> DataObjects { get; set; }

        /// <summary>
        /// Often there is an option on top called "--Select item--" that has an empty value.
        /// </summary>
        public string EmptyValueText { get; set; }

        /// <summary>
        /// A bool value that for whether EmptyValueText is used or not
        /// </summary>
        public bool ShouldUseEmptyValue
            get { return !string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(EmptyValueText); }

        /// <summary>
        /// This will add attributes to the <select></select> html tag.
        /// The key is the attribute, the value is the value.
        /// For example:
        ///     SelectAttributes.add("id", "select-id-1");
        /// Would result in this html:
        ///     <select id="select-id-1"></select>
        /// </summary>
        public Dictionary<string, string> SelectAttributes
            get { return _SelectAttributes ?? (_SelectAttributes = new Dictionary<string, string>()); }
            set { _SelectAttributes = value; }
        } private Dictionary<string, string> _SelectAttributes;

        /// <summary>
        /// This will add attributes to the <option></option> html tag in a select list.
        /// The key is the attribute, the value is the property on the object that contains the value.
        /// A list of objects will be used to create the options. Using reflection, the property with a
        /// name matching the value will be found. If the value is "Country" then a property name Country
        /// will be found using reflection. 
        /// Note: If inner-text is used it will not be an attribute but will be the text between the
        ///       opening and closing tags.
        /// For example:
        ///     OptionAttributes.add("value", "CountryTwoLetter");
        ///     OptionAttributes.add("innter-text", "Country");
        /// If the the list had to objects and the Country values were "United States" and "Canada",
        /// and the CountryTwoLetter values were "US" and "CA", then the result would be this html:
        ///     <option value="US">United States</option>
        ///     <option value="US">United States</option>
        /// Html data-[name] attributes are supported here as well.
        /// </summary>
        public Dictionary<string, string> OptionAttributes
            get { return _OptionAttributes ?? (_OptionAttributes = new Dictionary<string, string>()); }
            set { _OptionAttributes = value; }
        } private Dictionary<string, string> _OptionAttributes;

Next add an extension method to HtmlHelper.

using LANDesk.Licensing.Wavelink.Models;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Text;

namespace System.Web.Mvc
    public static class DrownDownListHelper
        /// <summary>
        /// Adds increased attributed functionality to DropDownListFor.
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TModel"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="T">The type of object in a list.</typeparam>
        /// <param name="htmlHelper">The object this method attaches to.</param>
        /// <param name="expression">The object the selected value binds to.</param>
        /// <param name="listModel">The Model object for creating this list.</param>
        /// <returns>MvcHtmlString - Html for Razor pages.</returns>
        public static MvcHtmlString DropDownListWithAttributesFor<TModel, TProperty, T>(this HtmlHelper<TModel> htmlHelper, Expression<Func<TModel, TProperty>> expression, HtmlSelectListModel<T> listModel)
            var dropdown = new TagBuilder("select");
            foreach (var selectAttribute in listModel.SelectAttributes)
                dropdown.Attributes.Add(selectAttribute.Key, selectAttribute.Value);
            string currentValue = null;
            var metadata = ModelMetadata.FromLambdaExpression(expression, htmlHelper.ViewData);
            if (metadata != null && metadata.Model != null)
                currentValue = metadata.Model.ToString();

            var optionsBuilder = new StringBuilder();
            foreach (T item in listModel.DataObjects)
                BuildOptionTags(listModel, optionsBuilder, item, currentValue);
            if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(currentValue) && listModel.ShouldUseEmptyValue)
                optionsBuilder.Insert(0, "<option value=\"\">" + listModel.EmptyValueText + "</option>");
            dropdown.InnerHtml = optionsBuilder.ToString();

            return new MvcHtmlString(dropdown.ToString(TagRenderMode.Normal));

        internal static void BuildOptionTags<T>(HtmlSelectListModel<T> listModel, StringBuilder optionsBuilder, T item, string selectedValue)
            var optionAttributes = GetOptionAttributes(listModel, item);
            string innerText = GetOptionInnerText(optionAttributes);

            if (optionsBuilder == null) { optionsBuilder = new StringBuilder(); }
            optionsBuilder.Append("<option ");
            bool defaultValueFound = false;
            foreach (var attribute in optionAttributes)
                optionsBuilder.Append(string.Format("{0}=\"{1}\" ", attribute.Key, attribute.Value));
                if (attribute.Value == selectedValue)
                    optionsBuilder.Append("selected=\"selected\" ");
                    defaultValueFound = true;
            optionsBuilder.Append(">" + innerText + "</option>");

        internal static string GetOptionInnerText(IDictionary<string, string> optionAttributes)
            string innerText;
            if (optionAttributes.TryGetValue("inner-text", out innerText))
            return innerText;

        internal static Dictionary<string, string> GetOptionAttributes<T>(HtmlSelectListModel<T> listModel, T item)
            var properties = item.GetType().GetProperties(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance).Where(p => listModel.OptionAttributes.Values.Contains(p.Name));
            var optionAttributes = new Dictionary<string, string>();
            foreach (var p in properties)
                var p1 = p;
                foreach (var oa in listModel.OptionAttributes.Where(oa => p1.Name == oa.Value))
                    optionAttributes.Add(oa.Key, p.GetValue(item, null).ToString());
            return optionAttributes;

Now you can use this in an MVC razor cshtml page. You will need a using statement like this:
@using MyNamespace.Models

    <div class="form-group">
        @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Customer.State, new { @class = "control-label col-md-2", required = "required" })
        <div class="col-md-10">
            @Html.DropDownListFor2(model => model.Customer.State, 
                new HtmlSelectListModel<State>
                    DataObjects = CountryManager.Instance.States,
                    EmptyValueText = "- Select a State -",
                    SelectAttributes = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "Id", "Customer_State" }, { "Name", "Customer.State" } },
                    OptionAttributes = new Dictionary<string, string>
                                            { "value", "StateCode" }, { "inner-text", "StateName" }, { "data-country", "CountryCode" } 
            @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Customer.State)

It will make some awesome html. It allows even for adding data-[name] attributes. I needed a data-country attribute, which is why I wrote this class.

<select id="Customer_State" name="Customer.State">
    <option value="" >- Select a State -</option>
    <option value="AB" data-country="CA">Alberta</option>
    <option value="AK" data-country="US">Alaska</option>
    <option value="AL" data-country="US">Alabama</option>
    <option value="AR" data-country="US">Arkansas</option>
    <option value="AZ" data-country="US">Arizona</option>
    <option value="BC" data-country="CA">British Columbia</option>
    <option value="CA" data-country="US">California</option>
    <option value="CO" data-country="US">Colorado</option>
    <option value="CT" data-country="US">Connecticut</option>
    <option value="DC" data-country="US">District of Columbia</option>
    <option value="DE" data-country="US">Delaware</option>
    <option value="FL" data-country="US">Florida</option>

If you have any feedback, I would love to hear it. Please comment.

Authenticating to Salesforce with Silenium in C#

It is pretty easy to authenticate to Salesforce with Silenium in C#. Here are the steps.

  1. Add the following NuGET package to your project:
    Silenium WebDriver
  2. Use the following code:
        public static void LoginToSalesforce(string username, string password)
            IWebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
            driver.Url = "";
            var userNameTextBox = driver.FindElement(By.Id("username"));
            var passwordTextBox = driver.FindElement(By.Id("password"));
            var loginButton = driver.FindElement(By.Id("Login"));

Yes it is that easy.

EntityUpdater Generic helper for Entity Framework

So I am using Entity Framework (EF) more and more and I really like it. However, I’ve come across a problem when using WCF services and EF that doesn’t look to be perfectly solved.

Let me give you my use case.

I have many entities but in this case, let’s use Customer and CustomerSite. I am using that Entity as a POCO object for a WCF service as well. I have two Systems. SAP and a custom C# licensing system, which is where I am using WCF and EF.

– CustomerId
– CustomerName

Customer Site
– CustomerSiteId
– CustomerId
– SiteName
– Address1
– Address2
– State
– Country
– Zip
– Website
– SapCustomerId

Let’s say that someone changes the Address for a customer in SAP. A post is made with the new Address. I tried a couple of built in Entity Framework methods, but I’ve been unable to figure out how the front end client can update a single property without first querying over WCF for the existing values and having the client side update the changed values. To me, this seems to be a broken process. The client has to query the current object, which results in a call that has to traverse over the wire to the WCF service, then to the database through EF, then back to WCF and back over the wire to the client. Then logic has to exist on the client to update the appropriate fields. The client now needs a lot of logic it otherwise shouldn’t need.

If the client wants to update only one field, Address1, the client should be able to send an update request that contains only CustomerSiteId and Address1 with everything else should be left blank.

However, the logic to do this work on the server side seems difficult if not impossible without some data from the client. WCF gets in the way. The object is created by the WCF service and every field exists in the object and none of the fields are marked as “updated” or not. If only one field is changed, the other fields are default values in the instantiated object. How can the server know which fields are updated?

Well, if the client is sending a change and the change is not a default value, then we can ignore updates for properties that use default values. However, what if we want to change to a default value? What if, for example, the default value of Address2 is null. What if you want to change the database value back to null?

What if I want to update all the address fields but leave the CustomerId the same?

  1. Write a separate WCF method every time there is a field that might be updated by itself.

    Yeah, this is nightmare. It isn’t really a solution.

  2. Write a method that any WCF service can call that takes in an Entity Type, an Id and a list of property names, and their corresponding values.

    While this would work, it breaks the idea of using the Poco object. The ability to use a simple entity object is nice. Breaking away from the Entity object to a generic object like this seems the wrong thing to do. It would work, though. It would need client code to convert entities to this new object type that has an Id and a property value dictionary. Also, now the code is not clear. Instead of calling UpdateCustomer(customer), I would call UpdateEntity(myObject), which just isn’t as clear or as readable.

  3. Have a single generic method on the server that any WCF service method could call. The method would loop through the entity object and if a property’s value is default or null, that value isn’t updated.

    I like this because the logic is on the server. I can have UpdateCustomer and UpdateCustomerSite and each can call this method easily. The one problem, what if I want to set the value to null? This wouldn’t work.

  4. Have my WCF methods on the WCF server that takes in an IEnumerable of changed property names, then have generic code to loop through the Entity and mark the appropriate properties as “Changed”.

    I like this too, but if I only change one property to an actual value, I would really like to avoid creating the IEnumerable.

  5. Have both methods 3 and 4 above.

    This is what I am going with.

I created this class to help me with this.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Schema;
using System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure;
using System.Linq;
using System.Reflection;

namespace LANDesk.Licensing.Wavelink.Database
    public class EntityUpdater<T> where T : class
        /// <summary>
        /// Updates the value of all properties with a value other than null or the default value for the class type. 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="entity">The entity to update</param>
        /// <param name="entry">A DbEntityEntry<T> entry object to mark which propeties are modified.</param>
        public void Update(T entity, DbEntityEntry<T> entry)
            var props = from propertyInfo in entity.GetType().GetProperties(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance).Where(pi => !Attribute.IsDefined(pi, typeof(NotMappedAttribute)))
                        let val = propertyInfo.GetValue(entity, null)
                        where !IsNullOrDefault(val) && !IsCollection(val)
                        select propertyInfo;
            foreach (var pi in props)
                entry.Property(pi.Name).IsModified = true;

        /// <summary>
        /// Updates the value of any property in the updatedPropertyNames list. 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="entity">The entity to update</param>
        /// <param name="updatedPropertyNames">The list of properties to update.</param>
        /// <param name="entry">A DbEntityEntry<T> entry object to mark which propeties are modified.</param>
        public void Update(T entity, IEnumerable<string> updatedPropertyNames, DbEntityEntry<CustomerSite> entry)
            var propInfoCollection = entity.GetType().GetProperties(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
            foreach (var pi in from pi in propInfoCollection
                               from updatedPropertyName in updatedPropertyNames
                               where pi.Name.Equals(updatedPropertyName, StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase)
                               select pi)
                entry.Property(pi.Name).IsModified = true;

        /// <summary>
        /// Checks if any object is null or the default value for the class type. 
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TT">The object class</typeparam>
        /// <param name="argument">The object to test for null or default.</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static bool IsNullOrDefault<TT>(TT argument)
            // deal with normal scenarios
            if (argument == null) return true;
            if (Equals(argument, default(TT))) return true;

            // deal with non-null nullables
            Type methodType = typeof(TT);
            if (Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(methodType) != null) return false;

            // deal with boxed value types
            Type argumentType = argument.GetType();
            if (argumentType.IsValueType && argumentType != methodType)
                object obj = Activator.CreateInstance(argument.GetType());
                return obj.Equals(argument);

            return false;

        /// <summary>
        /// Check if an object is a collection. This is to use to ignore complex types.
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TT">The object class</typeparam>
        /// <param name="obj">The object to test.</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static bool IsCollection<TT>(TT obj)
            return obj.GetType().GetInterfaces().Any(x => x.IsGenericType && x.GetGenericTypeDefinition() == typeof(ICollection<>));

Now, I can use this class in my separate WCF services as follows.

        /// <summary>
        /// Updates the value of all properties with a value other than null or the default value for the type.
        /// Any property that is not set to a value other than null or default is ignored.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="customerSite">The customerSite entity to update</param>
        public int UpdateSiteSimple(CustomerSite customerSite)
            UpdateSite(customerSite, null);

        /// <summary>
        /// Updates the value of any property in the customerSite contained in the updatedPropertyNames list. 
        /// The values of any properties not in the updatedPropertyNames list are ignored.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="customerSite">The customerSite entity to update</param>
        /// <param name="updatedPropertyNames">The list of properties to update.</param>
        public int UpdateSite(CustomerSite customerSite, IEnumerable<string> updatedPropertyNames)
            if (customerSite == null) { throw new Exception("The customerSite cannot be null"); }

            using (var db = new MyDbContext())
                var entry = db.Entry(customerSite);
                var updater = new EntityUpdater<CustomerSite>();
                if (updatedPropertyNames == null || !updatedPropertyNames.Any())
                    updater.Update(customerSite, entry);
                    updater.Update(customerSite, updatedPropertyNames, entry);
            return customerSite.CustomerSiteId;

If you like this code and find it useful please comment.

Currently, it ignores complex types and won’t update them. I could see attempting to update complex properties in the future.

Splitting sentences in C# using Stanford.NLP

So I need to break some sentences up. I have a pretty cool regex that does this, however, I want to try out Stanford.NLP for this. Let’s check it out.

  1. Create a Visual Studio C# project.
    I chose a New Console Project and named it SentenceSplitter.
  2. Right-click on the project and choose “Manage NuGet Packages.
  3. Add the Stanford.NLP.CoreNLP nuget package.
  4. Add the following code to Program.cs (This is a variation of the code provide here:
    using edu.stanford.nlp.ling;
    using edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline;
    using java.util;
    using System;
    using System.IO;
    using Console = System.Console;
    namespace SentenceSplitter
        class Program
            static void Main(string[] args)
                // Path to the folder with models extracted from `stanford-corenlp-3.4-models.jar`
                var jarRoot = @"stanford-corenlp-3.4-models\";
                const string text = "I went or a run. Then I went to work. I had a good lunch meeting with a friend name John Jr. The commute home was pretty good.";
                // Annotation pipeline configuration
                var props = new Properties();
                props.setProperty("annotators", "tokenize, ssplit, pos, lemma, ner, parse, dcoref");
                props.setProperty("sutime.binders", "0");
                // We should change current directory, so StanfordCoreNLP could find all the model files automatically 
                var curDir = Environment.CurrentDirectory;
                var pipeline = new StanfordCoreNLP(props);
                // Annotation
                var annotation = new Annotation(text);
                // these are all the sentences in this document
                // a CoreMap is essentially a Map that uses class objects as keys and has values with custom types
                var sentences = annotation.get(typeof(CoreAnnotations.SentencesAnnotation));
                if (sentences == null)
                foreach (Annotation sentence in sentences as ArrayList)

    Warning! If you try to run here, you will get the following exception: Unrecoverable error while loading a tagger model

    java.lang.RuntimeException was unhandled
      HResult=-2146233088 Unrecoverable error while loading a tagger model
           at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.StanfordCoreNLP.4.create()
           at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.AnnotatorPool.get(String name)
           at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.StanfordCoreNLP.construct(Properties A_1, Boolean A_2)
           at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.StanfordCoreNLP..ctor(Properties props, Boolean enforceRequirements)
           at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.StanfordCoreNLP..ctor(Properties props)
           at SentenceSplitter.Program.Main(String[] args) in c:\Users\jbarneck\Documents\Projects\NLP\SentenceSplitter\SentenceSplitter\Program.cs:line 20
           at System.AppDomain._nExecuteAssembly(RuntimeAssembly assembly, String[] args)
           at System.AppDomain.ExecuteAssembly(String assemblyFile, Evidence assemblySecurity, String[] args)
           at Microsoft.VisualStudio.HostingProcess.HostProc.RunUsersAssembly()
           at System.Threading.ThreadHelper.ThreadStart_Context(Object state)
           at System.Threading.ExecutionContext.RunInternal(ExecutionContext executionContext, ContextCallback callback, Object state, Boolean preserveSyncCtx)
           at System.Threading.ExecutionContext.Run(ExecutionContext executionContext, ContextCallback callback, Object state, Boolean preserveSyncCtx)
           at System.Threading.ExecutionContext.Run(ExecutionContext executionContext, ContextCallback callback, Object state)
           at System.Threading.ThreadHelper.ThreadStart()
           Message=Unrecoverable error while loading a tagger model
                at edu.stanford.nlp.tagger.maxent.MaxentTagger.readModelAndInit(Properties config, String modelFileOrUrl, Boolean printLoading)
                at edu.stanford.nlp.tagger.maxent.MaxentTagger..ctor(String modelFile, Properties config, Boolean printLoading)
                at edu.stanford.nlp.tagger.maxent.MaxentTagger..ctor(String modelFile)
                at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.POSTaggerAnnotator.loadModel(String A_0, Boolean A_1)
                at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.POSTaggerAnnotator..ctor(String annotatorName, Properties props)
                at edu.stanford.nlp.pipeline.StanfordCoreNLP.4.create()
                Message=Unable to resolve "edu/stanford/nlp/models/pos-tagger/english-left3words/english-left3words-distsim.tagger" as either class path, filename or URL
                     at textFileOrUrl)
                     at edu.stanford.nlp.tagger.maxent.MaxentTagger.readModelAndInit(Properties config, String modelFileOrUrl, Boolean printLoading)
  5. Download the file from here:
  6. Extract the
    Note: Over time, as new versions come out, make sure the version you download matches the version of your NuGet package.
  7. Extract the stanford-corenlp-3.4-models.jar file to stanford-corenlp-3.4-models.
    I used 7zip to extract the jar file.
  8. Copy the stanford-corenlp-3.4-models folder to your Visual Studio project files.
    Note: This is one way to include the jar file in your project. Other ways might be a copy action or another good way would be to use an app.config appSetting. I chose this way because it makes all my files part of the project for this demo. I would probably use the app.config method in production.
  9. In Visual Studio, use ctrl + left click to  highlight the stanford-corenlp-3.4-models folder and all subfolders.
  10. Open Properties (Press F4), and change the namespace provider setting to false.
  11. In Visual Studio, use ctrl + left click to  highlight the files under the stanford-corenlp-3.4-models folder and all files in all subfolders.
  12. Open Properties (Press F4), and change the Build Action to Content and the Copy to Output Directory setting to Copy if newer.
  13. Run the code.


Note: At first I tried to just load the model file. That doesn’t work. I got an exception. I had to set the @jarpath as shown above. I needed to copy all the contents of the jar file.


Notice that I through it curve ball by ending a sentence with Jr. It still figured it out.

I went or a run. Then I went to work. I had a good lunch meeting with a friend name John Jr. The commute home was pretty good.

However, I just tried this paragraph and it did NOT detect the break after the first sentence.

Exit Room A. Turn right. Go down the hall to the first door. Enter Room B.

I am pretty sure this second failure is due to the similarity in string with a legitimate first name, middle initial, last name.

Jared A. Barneck
Room A. Turn

Now the question is, how do I train it to not make such mistakes?

Aspx CheckBoxList Alternative that allows for the OnCheckedChanged event

My team had to edit an older apsx website and add a list of CheckBoxes, which are actually html <input type="checkbox"/> tags.  We assumed that CheckBoxList would be perfect for our task. We assumed wrong.

I wrote desktop apps for years and now that I am writing web apps, I am using MVC and Razor, so I missed the aspx days. However, having to work on legacy aspx applications is catching me up.

My use case for list of CheckBoxes

Really, my use case is simple. There are icons that should show up for some products. We wanted to store a map between products and the icons in the database. On the product page, we want a list of the icons with a checkbox by each list item. This would allow the person who creates new products to select which icons to show on a product download page.

  1. Get a list of option from a database and display that list as html checkboxes.
  2. Checking a checkbox should add a row to a database table.
  3. Unchecking a checkbox should remove that row from a database table.

CheckBoxList Fails

So what I needed was an OnClick event which is actually called OnCheckedChanged in an asp:Checkbox. Well, it turns out that the CheckBoxList control doesn’t support the OnCheckedChanged event per CheckBox. The CheckBoxList doesn’t have any type of OnClick method. Instead, there is an OnSelectedIndexChanged event. But OnSelectedIndexChanged doesn’t even tell you which CheckBox was clicked. If a CheckBox is checked, then in the OnSelectedIndexChanged event, the SelectedItem equals the clicked item, however, if the CheckBox is unchecked, the SelectedItem was a completely different CheckBox that is checked.

So to me, this made the CheckBoxList control not usable. So I set out to replicate a CheckBoxList in a way that supports OnCheckedChanged.

Repeater with CheckBox for ItemTemplate

I ended up using the Repeater control with an ItemTemplate containing a CheckBox. Using this method worked pretty much flawlessly. It leaves me to wonder, why was CheckBoxList created in the first place if a Repeater with a CheckBox in the template works perfectly well.

Here is my code:

<%@ Page Title="Home Page" Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Site.Master" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="CheckBoxListExample._Default" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="CheckBoxListExample" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="CheckBoxListExample.Models" %>

<asp:Content ID="BodyContent" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="server">
        <asp:Repeater ID="Repeater1" runat="server">
                <asp:CheckBox ID="cb1" runat="server" AutoPostBack="true" OnCheckedChanged="RepeaterCheckBoxChanged"
                    Text="<%# ((CheckBoxViewModel)Container.DataItem).Name %>"
                    Checked="<%# ((CheckBoxViewModel)Container.DataItem).IsChecked %>" />
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using CheckBoxListExample.Models;

namespace CheckBoxListExample
    public partial class _Default : Page
        private List<CheckBoxViewModel> _ViewModels;

        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            if (!IsPostBack)
                var _ViewModels = new List<CheckBoxViewModel>
                    new CheckBoxViewModel {Name = "Test1", IsChecked = true},
                    new CheckBoxViewModel {Name = "Test2"},
                    new CheckBoxViewModel {Name = "Test3"}
                Repeater1.DataSource = _ViewModels;

        protected void RepeaterCheckBoxChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
            var cb = sender as CheckBox;
            if (cb == null) return;
            if (cb.Checked)
                // Insert
                // Delete
namespace CheckBoxListExample.Models
    public class CheckBoxViewModel
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public bool IsChecked { get; set; }

Fiction.js (or making fun of javascript library names)

JavaScript libraries have some pretty awesome names. Unless you want to know what that library actually does that is. But hey, these names are great for inspiring fiction. As many of you know, I write fiction on the side. So here comes some fiction.js your way:

He straightened his backbone.js and tightened his angular.js jaw. Then he ate a banana.js while wearing a Bazinga.js shirt. He rubbed the handlbars.js of his mustache.js. His shotgun.js was ready.js. He looked at to the badass.js woman at his right.js. Jasmine.js had long.js auburn hair and a glow.js to her face. Her figure.js was a sight to behold.js–definitely a knockout.js. She sipped a cappucino.js. Kinetic.js magic.js was her forte.js. That and fire.js. She lifted her free hand.js and an ember.js of light.js illuminated.js her palm.

Evil.js was coming. Raphaël.js and Jasmine.js were ready.js!

Why to use string.format() over concatenation (Real world experience)

So today I was working on reverse engineering some old code. I will strip this down and remove proprietary info but still let you see the bug. This is a post for newbies but experienced coders might get a laugh out of this as well.

Here is the error code:

var contract = CustomerId + ProductGroupId + EndDate.ToString("yy-MM");

Now, imagine these values:

CustomerId = 12345
ProductId = 4
Date = 8/7/2014

A new developer would assume that this would return the following:


They would be wrong. See, CustomerId and ProductGroupId are integers. So they don’t concatenate as strings, they add as integers. The real value is this:


12345 + 4 = 12349. This is math, not string concatenation.

How would a developer resolve this bug? There are two solutions:

  • Use ToString() and concatenation (DO NOT USE!)

Here is the another interesting fact. I know exactly when this bug was introduced into the system. This code was written by the developer using the first solution. The developer had originally added .ToString() to the end of these objects. The developer didn’t write buggy code. He wrote code that worked.

The code used to look like this:

var contract = CustomerId.ToString() + ProductGroupId.ToString() + EndDate.ToString("yy-MM");

So what happened? If a developer didn’t break this code, who did?

I’ll tell you what happened and who did it. Resharper.

Today, developers aren’t the only ones messing with our code. We use tools that are pretty awesome to do masses of code automation for us. One of these tools is Resharper. Well, Resharper detected the ToString() methods as “Redundant Code.” Oh, in this case, it wasn’t redundant code.

The only reason I found this bug is because I was rewriting this piece of code and had to reconstruct a ContractId and I began reverse engineering this code. I noticed that the first part of the ContractId was the CustomerId up until a few months ago. After that, it seemed to be slightly off. I was able to check source from back then and see the difference and see why this bug started. Sure enough, when resharper cleaned up my redundant code, it removed the ToString() methods.

However, while this is a Resharper bug, let’s not jump so fast to blaming Resharper. I’ll submit a bug to them, but are they really at fault? I say not completely. Why? Because the developer chose to use ToString() and concatenation instead of string.Format(). This was the wrong choice. Always use string.format(). This has been preached by many, but just as many don’t listen.

What would have happened if the developer had followed the best practice to use string.Format() or string.Concat?

var contract = string.Concat(CustomerId, ProductGroupId, EndDate.ToString("yy-MM"));


var contract = string.Format("{0}{1}{2}", CustomerId, ProductGroupId, EndDate.ToString("yy-MM");

The bug would never had occurred. With either string.Concat() or string.Format(). In those uses, the ToString() methods really would be redundant. With or without them, the code acts the same.

But surely avoiding a Resharper bug isn’t the only reason to use string.Concat or string.Format()? Of course there are more reasons. This error was due to the ambiguous + operator. Using string.Format() or string.Concat() eliminates such ambiguities. Also, with string.Format(), the developer’s intentions are much more clear. The format decided upon is explicitly included. When I type “{0}{1}{2}”, there is no question about what the intended format is. This is why I chose string.Format() for this piece of code. It is self-documenting and unambiguous.


Best practices are best  practices for a reason. Use them. Using string.Format() is always preferable to string concatenation.

P.S. This old project also could have alerted us to this error if anyone would have bothered to write a Unit Test. But this code was buried deep in a method that itself was hundreds of lines long. Following the 100/10 rule and testing would have alerted us when Resharper introduced this error.

Add sql constraint on null, empty, or whitespace (C# string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace() equivelant)

Here is a User table. We wanted to make the UserName column not be null, empty, or whitespace.

So the constraint I made is this

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[User]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [UserNameNotEmpty] CHECK  (([UserName]<>'' AND rtrim(ltrim(replace(replace(replace([UserName],char((9)),''),char((13)),''),char((10)),'')))<>''))
Empty is checked first and not allowed.
Replaces any instance a Tab character with an empty string.
Replaces any instance a Carriage Return character with an empty string.
Replaces any instance a Line Feed character with an empty string.
Left trim. It trims spaces from the left side of the string.
Right trim. It trims spaces from the right side of the string.

Note: You should know that char(9) is tab, char(10) is line feed, char(13) is carriage return.

Here is a complete User table. (This is a legacy system I inherited and I am fixing inadequacies.)

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[User](
	[UserId] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
	[UserName] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
	[Password] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
	[Salt] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
	[FirstName] [varchar](255) NULL,
	[LastName] [varchar](255) NULL,
	[Email] [varchar](255) NULL,
	[Active] [bit] NOT NULL
	[UserId] ASC
	[UserName] ASC
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[User] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_User_Active]  DEFAULT ((1)) FOR [Active]
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[User]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [UserNameNotEmpty] CHECK  (([UserName]<>'' AND rtrim(ltrim(replace(replace(replace([UserName],char((9)),''),char((13)),''),char((10)),'')))<>''))
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[User] CHECK CONSTRAINT [UserNameNotEmpty]

Notice, I don’t check null on the constraint, as NOT NULL is part of the UserName column design.

How to add a progress bar to your blog

Some authors want to add progress bars to their blog. However, most authors are not web designers or developers. So they don’t know how to do this. Well, there is a secret in the html development world. The secret is that “Everything is easy once you know how to do it.” Yes, it is actually pretty easy to add a progress bar. I just added a progress bar to my blog.

Creating a Progress Bar on your Blog

Step 1. Create an HTML Widget for your side bar.

Using your blogging engine (WordPress or Blogger or whatever) create an html widget. In WordPress you would use a Text widget.

Step 2. Paste in the following html code

1st draft of Book 2
<div id="progressbar" style="background-color:black;border-radius:6px;padding:3px;">
    <div style="background-color:#dd6013;width:30%;height:10px;border-radius:4px;"></div>

It will look like this:

1st draft of Book 2

[Read More . . .]